Koi Types

THE Directory of Koi Varieties

 

Koi are a big part of Asian culture, but in the last few decades, the hobby of Koi keeping has spread across the world. Listed below are every original kind of Koi. Each variety usually has a Doitsu (scaless) version and a Gin Rin (sparkly) scaled version. These variations will be added as soon as we get a good photo. Click on each photo for a description of each variety.

 

Gosanke

These three are the most popular in Japan, the Kohaku, the Showa, and the Sanke.

 

Kohaku
Kohaku
Sanke Koi
Sanke
Showa
Showa

 

Bekko

The colored Koi with a black pattern..

 

Shiro Bekko
Shiro Bekko
Ki Bekko
Ki Bekko
Aka Bekko
Aka Bekko

 

Utsurimono

The black Koi with a colored pattern.

Shiro Utsuri
Shiro Utsuri
Ki Utsuri
Ki Utsuri
Hi Utsuri
Hi Utsuri

 

Asagi

The blue/grey Koi with a red pattern.

Asagi
Asagi
Shusui
Shusui

 

Tancho

The Koi with a pattern only on their Maruten spots.

Tancho Goromo
Tancho Goromo
Tancho Goshiki
Tancho Goshiki
Tancho Kohaku
Tancho Kohaku
Tancho Kujaku
Tancho Kujaku
Tancho Sanke
Tancho Sanke

 

Hikarimono

The metallic Koi with only one color for a pattern.

Nezu Ogon
Nezu Ogon
Orenji Ogon
Orenji Ogon
Platinum Ogon
Platinum Ogon
Yamabuki Ogon
Yamabuki Ogon

 

Goromo

The Koi that have black shading over their patterns.

Ai Goromo
Ai Goromo
Budo Goromo
Budo Goromo
Sumi Goromo
Sumi Goromo
Goshiki
Goshiki

 

Hikarimoyo

Koi that have metallic patterns.

Kin Showa
Kin Showa
Kujaku
Kujaku
Yamato Nishiki
Yamato Nishiki
Doitsu Hariwake
Doitsu Hariwake
Kikusui
Kikusui

 

Matsuba

These Koi have a grey shading pattern on their scales.

Shiro Matsuba
Shiro Matsuba
Aka Matsuba
Aka Matsuba

 

Kawarimono

These Koi don't fit into any other classification.

Ochiba Shigure
Ochiba Shigure
Kumonryu
Kumonryu
Beni Kumonryu
Beni Kumonryu
Benigoi
Benigoi
Karasugoi
Karasugoi
Haijiro
Haijiro
Aka Haijiro
Aka Haijiro
Chagoi
Chagoi
Kigoi
Kigoi
Midorigoi
Midorigoi
Soragoi
Soragoi

 

Where did all the Koi on this page come from?

Believe it or not, Koi are actually color-mutated food carp! Many years ago, the rice farmers needed a source of protein during the long and harsh winters in Niigata. They would keep the carp in ponds and grow them until they reached about 6 inches in size. Then the rice farmers would catch the food carp and would salt them so they wouldn't go bad during the cold winter months. The farmers noticed that some of the carp had different colors, so they kept these out and bred them together. Fast forward a couple hundred years and now there is a vast array of colors! (Please Note: A common misconception is that the rice farmers would put the carp in their rice paddies. This is untrue, for the carp would have destroyed their crops! Consider the way Koi like to tear apart potted water gardening plants!)