Koi Care https://www.koi-fish.com/tag/koi-care en 5 Common Koi Keeping Mistakes https://www.koi-fish.com/koi-care/five-common-koi-keeping-mistakes.html <span>5 Common Koi Keeping Mistakes</span> <div class="field field--name-field-book-page-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/2018-10/koi-mistakes01.JPG" width="640" height="429" alt="Koi food" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">koimaster</span></span> <span>Fri, 10/19/2018 - 21:17</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><h3>Overfeeding</h3> <p>Koi fish should only be given as much food as they can eat in a couple minutes, twice a day. Unless you have a large filtration capacity and you are trying to boost your Koi’s growth rates, giving them more that the recommended amount of Koi food will pollute the pond water.</p> <p> </p> <p>Uneaten food and increased fish waste will lower the water quality. Poor water quality can lead to health problems with your Koi fish. Overfeeding can also cause your Koi fish to become overweight. Overfeeding is easy to prevent, just start giving your Koi an appropriate amount of food.</p> <hr /><p> </p> <p> </p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-mistakes02.JPG" /></p> <h3>Overstocking Your Pond</h3> <p>It’s very exciting to have a pond swarming with several varieties of Koi. Overstocking can easily happen when the many small Koi that live in the pond turn into many large Koi. Filtration that worked just fine when the Koi were small might not be adequate enough to handle fish load when they are larger. Overstocking can be prevented with careful planning. Allow 150 to 500 gallons of water per fish in the pond. That GPK (Gallons Per Koi) allowance will provide them with enough room when they are mature. If your pond is currently overstocked, only reducing your stocking numbers or enlarging your pond and adding more filtration will solve the problem.</p> <hr /><p> </p> <p> </p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-mistakes03.JPG" /></p> <h3>Not Enough Filtration</h3> <p>Under filtering a pond leads to poor water quality and poor water quality leads to poor Koi health. The filter system you have today might not be enough tomorrow. A pond might not necessarily start out with inadequate filtration, but as your koi grow, the amount of waste they produce will increase. Adding to and improving your filter system will keep your pond from from being under filtered.</p> <hr /><p> </p> <p> </p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-mistakes04.JPG" /></p> <h3>No Quarantine Period</h3> <p>Adding a Koi to your pond without first quarantining it can introduce parasites, bacterial infections or viral infections into your pond. You should quarantine every Koi that is going to enter your pond. Even a Koi that you already own if it returning from a Koi show. Koi are usually quarantined in a 100 or 200 gallon horse trough tank with a filter. The quarantine period should last at least three weeks. If there are no problems by then, the quarantined Koi should be safe to introduce into your pond.</p> <hr /><p> </p> <p> </p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-mistakes05.JPG" /></p> <h3>Leaving the Hose On</h3> <p>Forgetting that your hose is on after it is done refilling your pond can poison your Koi fish collection with chlorine (unless you have well water).</p> <p>Koi pond chlorine neutralizer should be added before doing a water change. If the hose is left on for too long, the chlorine neutralizer will be depleted and the chlorine concentration in the pond will rise until it reaches lethal levels for your Koi. A hose timer can be used to keep it from running too long.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Tags</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tag/koi-care" hreflang="en">Koi Care</a></div> </div> </div> Sat, 20 Oct 2018 02:17:59 +0000 koimaster 104 at https://www.koi-fish.com 4 Sources of Koi Stress https://www.koi-fish.com/koi-care/4-sources-of-koi-stress.html <span>4 Sources of Koi Stress</span> <div class="field field--name-field-book-page-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/2018-10/lernaea_1.JPG" width="640" height="429" alt="Lernaea parasite attached to fish fin" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">koimaster</span></span> <span>Fri, 10/19/2018 - 21:03</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>A low stress environment is crucial for successful Koi keeping. Use the following tips to help create a better home for your Koi.</p> <p> </p> <h3>Parasites</h3> <p> </p> <p>Parasites attack the skins, scales and gills of your Koi. They cause irritation to those parts of your fish. Prolonged exposure to parasites will stress out your collection. If you see your Koi constantly “flashing” (scratching themselves on a pond wall or floor), then that is a good indication that something is wrong. Contact a vet that specializes in Koi health so they can examine and recommend a treatment for your Koi.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/blue-heron.JPG" /></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <h3>Predators</h3> <p> </p> <p>Common predators include blue herons, raccoons and even mink. While you see your Koi collection as your friendly aquatic pets, they see them as lunch. These animals can and will harass and stress out your Koi collection. Small electric fencing around your Koi pond or netting over your Koi pond will deter predators from getting your fish.</p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Tags</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tag/koi-care" hreflang="en">Koi Care</a></div> </div> </div> Sat, 20 Oct 2018 02:03:28 +0000 koimaster 102 at https://www.koi-fish.com Koi Fish: A Beginners Guide https://www.koi-fish.com/koi-care/koi-fish-beginners-guide.html <span>Koi Fish: A Beginners Guide</span> <div class="field field--name-field-book-page-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/2018-10/01%20header.JPG" width="640" height="429" alt="Koi fish swimming in a pond" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">koimaster</span></span> <span>Fri, 10/19/2018 - 20:54</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p> </p> <p> </p> <p>Koi fish are colored carp that live in man made ponds. Keeping them as pets is can be fun and relaxing hobby.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <h2>Contents</h2> <p> </p> <ul><li><a href="#koi-history">Koi History</a></li> <li><a href="#koi-keeping-hobby">The Koi Keeping Hobby</a></li> <li><a href="#your-kois-home">Your Koi’s Home</a></li> <li><a href="#where-find-koi">Growing Your Collection</a></li> <li><a href="#basic-care">Basic Care</a></li> <li><a href="#sources">Sources</a></li> <li><a href="#further-reading">Further Reading</a></li> </ul><p> </p> <p> </p> <h3><a id="koi-history">Koi History</a></h3> <p> </p> <p>In Niigata, Japan, the large amount of snowfall each winter would often leave the rice farmers that lived in the mountainous region isolated for extended periods of time. They needed a source of protein during the winter season, so they would keep carp (Magoi) in a trench or unused rice paddy (the carp would have decimated the rice crop). In the fall, they would harvest and salt most of the carp fingerlings, leaving out a few to breed in the spring to replenish their stocks.</p> <p> </p> <p>The carp were also very beneficial to the rice crop. When water was used to replenish the rice paddies, the carp waste in it made an excellent fertilizer.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p>Some of the carp they kept had patches of red color. We know that around the beginning of the 19th century at least one of the rice farmers took notice of this and in their spare time, began to selectively breed these unique carp in an attempt to bring out their color.<sup>1</sup></p> <p> </p> <p>Over the years, the Koi keeping hobby spread across Japan. Most of the people that kept Koi were well to do businessmen. The Koi were transported in wooden buckets by the breeders, who would take them from from their farm to the hobbyist’s home. There were no oxygen tanks or aerators, so the survival rate was mediocre.<sup>2</sup></p> <p> </p> <p>Koi keeping stayed in Japan until the early 1960’s, when polypropylene bags and jet travel allowed for quick and safe transportation all over the world.</p> <p> </p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/beginners-guide-koi2.JPG" /></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <h3><a id="koi-keeping-hobby">The Koi Keeping Hobby</a></h3> <p> </p> <p>Advanced collectors often join a local Koi club. Koi clubs are a great resource for Koi keeping information. Hobbyists meet about once a month to share Koi care tips and any new updates for the hobby.</p> <p> </p> <p>Some clubs host an annual Koi show. Members take their Koi from their ponds and place them into tanks to enter their fish in the show. The Koi are separated by type and size and then are judged on body conformation and color. There are winners for each type and size category, but there is only one grand champion. The owner of the grand champion receives a trophy and gets the bragging rights until the next annual Koi show.</p> <p> </p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/beginners-guide-koi3.JPG" /></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <h3><a id="your-kois-home">Your Koi’s Home</a></h3> <p> </p> <p>Koi keepers often obsess over water quality and filtration. Koi take care of themselves (just add food) but the majority ponds that house the fish are too small to be self sustaining. They require a filter system to remove the fish waste from the pond water before it harms the Koi. A good filter system will incorporate different stages of filtration to efficiently remove each type of waste from the pond.<sup>3</sup></p> <p> </p> <p>Koi thrive in a stable environment. Large temperature fluctuations can easily happen in a shallow pond, so the pond itself should be at least 3 feet deep. The pond should also have steep edges that will deter predators like herons or raccoons from wading into it.</p> <p> </p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/beginners-guide-koi4.JPG" /></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <h3><a id="where-find-koi">Where to Find Koi</a></h3> <p> </p> <p>Always quarantine any fish before adding it to your pond. Learn more about quarantining <a href="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/how-to-quarantine.html">here</a>.</p> <p> </p> <p>There are many places that sell Koi fish. You can find them in big box retailers, mom &amp; pop pet stores, nursery &amp; landscaping centers, domestic Koi farms and specialty Koi shops. Big box retailers and nursery &amp; landscape centers usually carry low grade (color) Koi in questionable tank systems. Due to the conditions the fish are kept in these places, survival rates aren't the greatest.</p> <p> </p> <p>Pet stores and domestic Koi farms usually carry medium grade Koi fish. Koi are kept in excellent tank conditions due to the knowledgeable staff.</p> <p> </p> <p>Specialty Koi shops usually carry medium and high grade Koi. The fish are kept in pristine conditions since the Koi that are imported are very expensive. Pond supplies and filtration equipment is often also sold at specialty Koi shops.</p> <p> </p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/beginners-guide-koi5.JPG" /></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <h3><a id="basic-care">Basic Care</a></h3> <p> </p> <p>Like we stated before, Koi take care of themselves for the most part, but it is up to you to keep their pond clean and to provide the with adequate nourishment. The amount of cleaning you do is dependant on how good your filter system is. An efficient filter system will require minimal maintenance whereas a cheap and poorly designed system will require a ton of work to keep it running.</p> <p> </p> <p>Koi are usually fed twice a day. Only give them an amount of food that they can eat within 5 minutes. They may spend most of their day begging for good, but don’t overfeed, since it can lead to poor water quality and obesity problems. Koi have different feeding requirements for each season. Read more about them <a href="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/feeding.html">here</a>.</p> <p> </p> <p>Koi should be minimally handled. Netting them too often stresses them out. If the fish are stressed out, their immune system becomes suppressed, making them more susceptible to bacterial infections.</p> <p> </p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/beginners-guide-koi6.JPG" /></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <h3><a id="sources">Sources</a></h3> <p> </p> <ol><li>Balon, Eugene K. "The common carp, Cyprinus carpio: its wild origin, domestication in aquaculture, and selection as colored nishikigoi." (1995).</li> <li>Takeda, Kaz “History of Niigata Nishikigoi”</li> <li>Axelrod, Herbert R. “The Completely Illustrated Guide to Koi for Your Pond” TFH, (1996).</li> </ol><p> </p> <p> </p> <h3><a id="further-reading">Further Reading</a></h3> <ul><li><a href="/koi-care.html">Koi Care</a></li> <li><a href="/koi-health.html">Koi Health</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.akca.org/" rel="nofollow">AKCA website</a></li> <li><a href="http://zna.jp/eng/" rel="nofollow">ZNA english website</a></li> </ul><p> </p> <p> </p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/beginners-guide-koi7.JPG" /></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Tags</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tag/koi-care" hreflang="en">Koi Care</a></div> </div> </div> Sat, 20 Oct 2018 01:54:43 +0000 koimaster 101 at https://www.koi-fish.com Ten Things You Didn’t Know About Koi Fish https://www.koi-fish.com/ten-things-you-didnt-know-about-koi-fish <span>Ten Things You Didn’t Know About Koi Fish</span> <div class="field field--name-field-book-page-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/2018-10/cover_0.JPG" width="640" height="429" alt="Swarm of Koi fish" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">koimaster</span></span> <span>Fri, 10/19/2018 - 20:31</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p> </p> <p> </p> <p style="font-size:24px;"><strong>1. They are illegal in the state of Maine</strong></p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-01.JPG" /></p> <p style="font-size:18px;">In 2014, a Maine woman had her Koi forcibly removed from her residence after a failed attempt to legalize Koi keeping in her home state. Having a Koi pond and keeping Koi fish is currently legal in 49 out of 50 states. She fought all the way to the state's supreme court, but was ultimately rejected when they upheld the lower court’s ruling.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p style="font-size:24px;">2. Koi can be worth tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars</p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-02.JPG" /></p> <p style="font-size:18px;">Koi that have the perfect body conformation, skin quality, color, and pattern of color are sought after by hobbyists who want to compete in Koi shows. Competition is fierce and many will pay big money in order to gain an edge on other entrants.</p> <p> </p> <p style="font-size:24px;">3. Koi can grow up to 3 feet long</p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-03.JPG" /></p> <p style="font-size:18px;">You may have only seen the small fish in the tanks at your local pet shop, but given the right conditions, Koi can grow from 2 to 6 inches a year. Before long they can grow larger than a cat or a small dog!</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p style="font-size:24px;">4. Koi can survive the winter outside in the pond</p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-04.JPG" /></p> <p style="font-size:18px;">They are cold blooded and can adapt to conditions in large temperature range. During the winter, Koi go dormant and remain at the bottom of the pond where the water temperature is the warmest. A hole in the ice is required so that fresh oxygen can enter the water and carbon dioxide can exit.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p style="font-size:24px;">5. Without a filter, they would poison themselves</p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-05.JPG" /></p> <p style="font-size:18px;">Koi excrete Ammonia through their gills and in their fish waste. Without a filter to process the Ammonia, the concentration will build up in the water and their pond environment will eventually become toxic.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p style="font-size:24px;">6. Koi come in over 200 varieties</p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-06.JPG" /></p> <p style="font-size:18px;">Koi can be red, white, black, yellow, brown, grey, green, blue and have several combinations of those colors. The colors can also be non-metallic or metallic. There are even scaleless, longfin and gin rin, which is a pearlescent addition to the color for varieties of Koi.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p style="font-size:24px;">7. They can be trained to eat from your hand</p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-07.JPG" /></p> <p style="font-size:18px;">If you hold Koi food in your hand and then place it in the water while staying still, they come up and eat right from your hand. Though it may take a few days or even a few weeks for them to get used to you.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p style="font-size:24px;">8. Koi will follow you around the pond and beg for food</p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-08.JPG" /></p> <p style="font-size:18px;">They will even do it 20 minutes after you feed them. Sometimes they act like they are starving.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p style="font-size:24px;">9. Carp were first introduced into the US in the mid 1800’s as a food source</p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-09.JPG" /></p> <p style="font-size:18px;">The introduction of carp into US waterways was so successful that carp soon became a nuisance. It didn’t help that the American public isn’t too fond of the taste of carp either.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p style="font-size:24px;">10. People keep Koi as pets on 6 out of 7 continents</p> <p><img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/koi-10.JPG" /></p> <p style="font-size:18px;">Koi keeping is now a worldwide hobby. Until the 1960’s, Koi keeping was almost exclusively a Japanese practice. The advent of jet travel and polypropylene bags changed that and the hobby started spreading around the world.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Tags</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tag/koi-care" hreflang="en">Koi Care</a></div> </div> </div> Sat, 20 Oct 2018 01:31:06 +0000 koimaster 100 at https://www.koi-fish.com 5 Smart actions that will help your Koi make it through winter https://www.koi-fish.com/koi-care/5-smart-actions-that-will-help-your-Koi-make-it-through-winter.html <span>5 Smart actions that will help your Koi make it through winter</span> <div class="field field--name-field-book-page-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="//cdn.koi-fish.com/sites/default/files/2018-10/p1-clean-pond_0.JPG" width="640" height="429" alt="Pond Liner" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">koimaster</span></span> <span>Fri, 10/19/2018 - 19:17</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Winter is a difficult season for Koi care. Use the following tips to help your Koi make it through the frozen months.</p> <h3>1. Keep your pond clean</h3> <p>This one is a no brainer. Leaves, sticks and even garbage can end up in your pond during the Fall. Leaving them in the pond through the winter will cause the DOC (dissolves organic compound) levels in the water to rise. Clumps of leaves and debris also provide the perfect environment for anaerobic bacteria. Anaerobic bacteria release hydrogen sulfide into the water, which is poisonous to your fish. Scoop any refuse that ends up in your pond in the Fall before the temperatures drop.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Tags</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tag/koi-care" hreflang="en">Koi Care</a></div> </div> </div> Sat, 20 Oct 2018 00:17:23 +0000 koimaster 94 at https://www.koi-fish.com